Ep 5 🗽紐約亞裔hate crime事件 å«ŒçŠ¯æ›¾æ–¼20年前弒母

週一早上,65歲的亞裔女性在紐約被毆打。紐約警方已抓到嫌犯,他20 年前因殺害母親而入獄,目前正在假釋之中。 

本集…
朗讀內容參考自 New York Times: 完整文章連結 (也有中文報導)
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各大平台收聽連結:


本集單字筆記

1. Hate crime (名詞) 仇恨犯罪。

美國法律怎麼定義 hate crime?
A crime, typically one involving violence, that is motivated by prejudice on the basis of race, religion, sexual orientation, or other grounds. 動機基於種族、宗教、性取向等偏見的犯罪,通常涉及暴力。

相關字有:
Bias 偏見、偏心、偏袒
例如 Reporters must be impartial and not show political bias. 新聞記者必須公正,不應有政治偏見。

– Prejudice 偏見、成見、歧視
She had to battle against prejudice to get a job. 她必須與偏見作鬥爭才能找到工作。

Anti-Asian 反亞裔,如報導裡說
Anti-Asian hate crimes have risen sharply during the pandemic, according to police departments across the country. Many of them have been triggered 觸發 by people falsely blaming 歸咎 Asian-Americans for spreading the coronavirus.

報導裡也有提到今年 Anti-Asian hate crime 驟增~
So far this year, the New York Police Department has investigated 33 anti-Asian attacks as hate crimes, exceeding the 28 it investigated in all of last year. Many of the victims in these cases have been middle-aged men and women who were alone on public transit or, like Ms. Kari, on city streets.

Anti- (字首) 反對的意思
如 anti-racism 反種族歧視

Pro- (字首) 支持
如 pro-democracy 支持民主的

2. Assault (名詞) 暴力毆打、攻擊。

也是動詞~
Assault-assaulting-assaulted (動詞) 毆打、襲擊、攻擊。
He was seen on security footage brutally assaulting Vilma Kari

Brutally (adverb 副詞) 以非常殘酷暴力的方式
形容詞是 brutal;意思是野蠻的、殘忍的
如這次就是一個 brutal attack (很殘忍暴力的襲擊)

3. Parole (名詞) 有條件釋放,假釋

Parole 的定義是
before the expiry of a sentence 在囚犯期滿前
on the promise of good behavior 承諾保持良好的行為前提下
the temporary or permanent release of a prisoner 暫時或永久釋放囚犯

PS: Parole 是 optional 的
囚犯可以自己選擇要不要申請

4.  Bystander (名詞) 旁觀者

報導裡面說:
Given the public nature of these attacks, the actions — or inaction 無行動,不作為 — of bystanders have come under particular scrutiny 仔細審查.


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