Ep 18 ⛽ 美國最大輸油管被駭 東岸多州出現 panic buying 加油潮


上週五,美國最大輸油管業者 Colonial Pipeline 遭遇駭客攻擊,暫停所有管線運作。新聞爆出後,許多東岸城市開始出現恐慌加油潮,目前已有上千間加油站被搶購一空。美國多州政府宣佈進入緊急狀態。

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專有名詞

1. COLONIAL PIPELINE

  • Pipeline: 管道、管線;通常在地下;用於長距離的運送石油、天然氣、水
  • Colonial Pipeline 很重要嗎?

The Colonial Pipeline system has capacity to move 2.7 million barrels a day of refined petroleum products from refineries in the Gulf Coast to the East Coast. 每天有能力將 270萬桶 精煉石油產品從墨西哥灣沿岸的煉油廠運到東海岸。
Forbes

  • (地名) Marietta, South Carolina 南卡羅萊納州 (美國東岸)

Kellie Lesley who works at a Food Shop (加油站名稱 – 裡面也會賣一些食物) in Marietta, South Carolina, said the pumps at the gas station are empty.
NPR

  • Colonial Pipeline 的重要性 Part 2

The system provides states along the eastern seaboard about half of their total requirements for fuels such as gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. 這個系統為東部沿海地區的州提供了它們對汽油,航空煤油和取暖用油等燃料總需求的一半。
Forbes

2. DARKSIDE

  • hacker group 駭客組織
  • 台灣媒體是翻 「黑暗面」

According to Boston-based Cybereason (一個位於波斯頓網絡安全技術公司), DarkSide is an organized group of hackers set up along the “ransomware as a service” business model 商業模式
CNBC

  • Ransomware as a service
    他們提供的服務 / 他們賣的產品就是 ransomware 勒索軟件

PS: 更多網路攻擊駭客相關單字
如 Hackers 駭客,ransomeware 勒索軟件, ransom 贖金,
Ep 6 “🦹「我們有你收藏的色情片」: 正在崛起的 extortionware” 有詳細介紹。


  • Software as a service (SAAS)
    軟體就是他們的服務 / 買的產品,如 Microsoft 微軟, Slack, Salesforce

meaning the DarkSide hackers develop and market ransomware hacking tools, and sell them to other criminals who then carry out attacks. DarkSide 開發並銷售了勒索軟件工具,然後他們就會賣給這些 criminals 犯罪分子,由這些 criminals 來進行實際的攻擊。
CNBC

  • DarkSide 後來在他們的網站回應說:
    • Our goal is to make money and not creating problems for society,” “我們的目標是賺錢,而不是給社會造成麻煩,”
    • The group also indicated it had not been aware that Colonial was being targeted by one of its affiliates.該組織還表示,它還沒有意識到他們的 affiliates 隸屬的人/公司 有把 Colonial 設為目標。
    • “From today, we introduce moderation and check each company that our partners want to encrypt to avoid social consequences in the future.” 從今天開始,我們開始進行審核,並檢查每家 partners 合作夥伴 (客人) 希望 encrypt 加密的公司, 以避免未來發生影響社會的後果。

【單字片語】

1. GAS (GASOLINE) 汽油 – US

  • Petrol (petroleum) – UK 英國體系的,很多東南亞的國家 like Singapore
  • Gas 也是氣體的意思
  • 加油站 Gas station / Petrol station
  • Diesel 柴油

“We don’t have anything but diesel 除了柴油我們什麼都沒有了. We were expecting a delivery but it never showed up, it was supposed to have been there at midnight last night, 原本是昨天半夜有預計送貨的,那從未出現。
NPR


2. HOARD (動詞) 囤積

  • Hoard – hoarding – hoarded

The US government has pleaded with people against hoarding, emphasizing that there is no shortage. 美國政府已呼籲人民不要囤積,強調不存在 shortage 短缺。
DW

“Because there’s people that need to go to the doctors and take their kids to school, so just get what you need. Don’t hoard it!” “因為有些人需要 (這些汽油) 去看醫生或者帶孩子去上學,所以你只要加你真正需要的量就好了!不要囤積!”
NPR

  • Hoarder 囤積者

美國曾經有一個 reality show 實境節目 Hoarders,台灣翻譯《儲物狂》

  • Panic + buying (購買正在進行式動詞) 恐慌購買這個舉動

‘Panic buying’ is driving the fuel shortage after Colonial Pipeline hack, expert says. 專家稱,Colonial Pipeline 被駭客入侵後的這波燃料短缺, 是因為 panic buying 恐慌購買而加劇
PBS

  • Panic + buyers 購買者 – 那些恐慌購買的人

Thousands of gas stations are running out of gas as panic buyers rush to fill up their vehicles. 由於恐慌的購買者爭先恐後地加油,上千個加油站的汽油都快用完了。
DW


3. FILL UP (PHRASAL VERB) 把 SOMETHING 填滿

  • Fill up – filling up – filled up
  • 很常用在加油;朗讀出現了兩次:
    • (DW) panic buyers rush to fill up their vehicles
    • (NPR) customers showed up overnight to fill up after hearing about the hack on the news. 聽到有關駭客攻擊的新聞後,客人一夜之間都出現了,來把他們的油桶都加滿。
  • 也可以用在加油以外的其他物品
    • The waitress filled up everyone’s glasses. 女服務員把每個人的杯子都裝滿了。
  • 人相關的
    • Summer camps are filling up fast. 夏令營報名快額滿了
  • 填飽肚子 / 肚子滿了
    • Choose foods carefully so that you can fill up without busting your calorie budget. 仔細選擇食物,這樣您就可以填飽 (肚子) 而不會浪費你的卡路里。(Discover Good Nutrition)
  • Fill me/you/him/her up
    • I ate a huge bowl of rice but it wasn’t enough to fill me up! 我吃了一大碗米飯,但這還不足以讓我吃飽
  • Filling (形容食物) 容易填飽肚子的,吃了會覺得很飽的
    • Oatmeal is very filling 燕麥很有飽足感。

更多英文學習資源:
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